Rankings of Universities and Research Centers
Stephen J Bensman
notsjb at LSU.EDU
Wed Aug 27 09:45:26 EDT 2014
I hate to rain on your little parade, but--what the hell--I will. The first ranking of American universities was done by James McKeen Cattell in 1906 in the following article:
Cattell, James McKeen. (1906) A statistical study of American men of science, the selection of a group of one thousand scientific men. Science, 24, 658-665, 699-707, 732-742.
Your rankings are basically the same as his. Plus ca change, plus ca la meme chose, Needless to say, Cattell was a eugenicist, and this is where all this academic ranking hysteria originates. To make my point, I have attached a pdf of that part of his article, in which he presents his university and institutional rankings. See in particular Tables III-IV on pp. 739-740. They will look somewhat familiar to you. The available evidence is that these rankings are not random but the result of some process of "preferential attachment" to what institutions leading scientists adhere for study, teaching, and research, leading to high stability over time. To beat upon another of my little drums, it seems strangely similar to how the WWW and Google PageRank operates. That does not leave much hope for those trying to blast their way to the top. It seems set in concrete.
Stephen J. Bensman, Ph.D.
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, LA USA
PS I was in the Cal Band (Berkeley), and we used to call Stanford the "Leland Stanford Junior High," and that was before the days of mooning the crowd.
From: ASIS&T Special Interest Group on Metrics [mailto:SIGMETRICS at LISTSERV.UTK.EDU] On Behalf Of Isidro F. Aguillo
Sent: Wednesday, August 27, 2014 6:16 AM
To: SIGMETRICS at LISTSERV.UTK.EDU
Subject: [SIGMETRICS] Rankings of Universities and Research Centers
Adminstrative info for SIGMETRICS (for example unsubscribe):
The new editions of the Rankings Web of Universities (now in its 11th
year) and Research Centers have been published with data collected during July 2014. The rankings consist now of close to 22000 Higher Education Institutions and 8000 Research Centers with their own independent web presence.
Ranking is built combining the following variables: Web presence, including general information, structure and organization, governance and transparency related documents, learning supporting items, technology transfer or community engagement among other webpages; Visibility, a virtual referendum about the global impact of such web contents; Openness, the commitment of the University to the open access initiatives through its institutional repository, portal of academic journals and availability of the full texts papers in the personal pages of their authors and Excellence, the number of highly cited papers (top 10% most cited) in 21 disciplines by is faculty members.
In the current edition the top ranked universities are:
1. Harvard University
3. Stanford University
4. Cornell University
5. University of Michigan
6. University of California Berkeley
7= Columbia University
8= University of Washington
9. University of Minnesota
10. University of Pennsylvania
Countries with Universities in the Top Hundred
South Korea 1
Hong Kong 1
Czech Republic 1
The Top Ranked in Region are:
Latin America Sao Paulo
Caribbean University of the West Indies
Russia Lomonosov MSU
Africa University of Cape Town
Asia Seoul National University
South Asia IIT Bombay
Southeast Asia National University of Singapore
Middle East Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Arab World King Saud University
BRICS Sao Paulo
Isidro F. Aguillo, HonDr.
The Cybermetrics Lab, IPP-CSIC
isidro.aguillo at csic.es
Scholar Citations SaCSbeoAAAAJ
Rankings Web webometrics.info
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