Can Synergy in Triple-Helix Relations Be Quantified?

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Sun Jan 12 02:44:54 EST 2014

Can Synergy in Triple-Helix Relations Be Quantified?
A Review of the Development of the Triple-Helix Indicator

Triple-Helix arrangements of bi- and trilateral relations can be considered
as adaptive eco-systems. During the last decade, we have further developed a
Triple-Helix indicator of synergy as reduction of uncertainty in niches that
can be shaped among three or more distributions. Reduction of uncertainty
can be generated in correlations among distributions of relations, but this
(next-order) effect can be counterbalanced by uncertainty generated in the
relations. We first explain the indicator, and then review possible results
when this indicator is applied to (i) co-author networks of academic,
industrial, and governmental authors and (ii) synergies in the distributions
of firms over geographical addresses, technological classes, and
industrial-size classes for a number of nations. Co-variation is then
considered as a measure of relationship. The balance between globalizing and
localizing dynamics can be quantified. Too much synergy locally can also be
considered as lock-in. Tendencies are different for the globalizing
knowledge dynamics versus locally retaining wealth from knowledge in
industrial innovations.


Loet Leydesdorff & Han Woo Park


Preprint available at 

** apologies for cross-postings

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