Knowledge-Generating Efficiency in Innovation Systems; preprint available

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Tue May 20 13:18:23 EDT 2014

Knowledge-Generating Efficiency in Innovation Systems:
The Relation between Structural and Temporal Effects


Time series of US patents per million inhabitants show long waves that
partially coincide with Kondratieff cycles. This wave structure can be
attributed to different knowledge-generating paradigms that drive innovation
systems thereof. The changes in the slopes between the waves indicate
different efficiencies in the knowledge generation. Since
knowledge-generating systems are associated with innovation systems, the
efficiency can be modelled in terms of interactions among dimensions (for
example, in terms of university-industry-government relations). The model
predicts an efficiency increase with an increasing number of dimensions due
to the effects of self-organisation among them. The time spans of the
knowledge-generating cycles can also be analysed in terms of Fibonacci
numbers and successive cycles are expected to exhibit shorter life cycles
than previous ones. This perspective enables us to forecast expected dates
of future paradigm changes.


Inga A. Ivanova 

Far Eastern Federal University - School of Business and Public


Loet Leydesdorff 

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) 

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <>

More information about the SIGMETRICS mailing list