Measuring the Knowledge-Based Economy of China; preprint

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Thu May 30 01:49:57 EDT 2013

Measuring the Knowledge-Based Economy of China in terms of Synergy among
Technological, Organizational, and Geographic Attributes of Firms

Using the possible synergy among geographic, size, and technological
distributions of firms in the Orbis database, we find the greatest reduction
of uncertainty at the level of the 31 provinces of China, and an additional
18.0% at the national level. Some of the coastal provinces stand out as
expected, but the metropolitan areas of Beijing and Shanghai are (with
Tianjan and Chonqing) most pronounced at the next-lower administrative level
of (339) prefectures, since these four metropoles are administratively
defined at both levels. Focusing on high- and medium-tech manufacturing, a
shift toward Beijing and Shanghai is indicated, and the synergy is on
average enhanced (as expected; but not for all provinces). Unfortunately,
the Orbis data is incomplete since it was collected for commercial and not
for administrative or governmental purposes. However, we show a methodology
that can be used by others who may have access to higher-quality statistical
data for the measurement. 


Loet Leydesdorff and Ping Zhou


Available at 

** apologies for cross postings



Loet Leydesdorff 

Professor, University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)

Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam
 <mailto:loet at> loet at ;
Honorary Professor,  <> SPRU, University of
Sussex; Visiting Professor,  <>
ISTIC, Beijing;


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