USPTO Patent Maps in Central Europe; preprint version

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Thu Jan 10 02:05:35 EST 2013

USPTO Patent Maps in Central Europe:  <> 
Can “Cathedrals” be Built on the Ruins of Socialism?

Balázs Lengyel, Tamás Sebestyén, and Loet Leydesdorff


Using new techniques of data collection and mapping as overlays to Google
Maps -- on the basis of patent information available online at the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office -- we shed light on the problem of patenting in
Central-Eastern Europe (CEE). Comparison with Germany and the Netherlands
shows that patenting on competitive markets such as the USA has lagged. In
the former GDR (East Germany), some agglomerations managed to put themselves
on the map, but this pattern cannot be found in other CEE countries. Our
methods allow for distribution analysis at the city level. The results
suggest that in addition to a huge lag in patenting, the distribution of
these activities is more concentrated in post-socialist territories than in
western nations and regions. Successful inventions and patents with high
citation rates are often based on subcontracts of multinationals with
headquarters in the West. 




** apologies for cross postings


Loet Leydesdorff 

University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
 <mailto:loet at> loet at ;


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