Eugene Garfield and Algorithmic Historiography: Co-Words, Co-Authors, and Journal Names

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Sat May 29 05:16:20 EDT 2010

Eugene Garfield and Algorithmic Historiography: 

Co-Words, Co-Authors, and Journal Names

Annals of Library and Information Studies (forthcoming)



Algorithmic historiography was proposed by Eugene Garfield in collaboration
with Irving Sher in the 1960s, but further developed only recently into
HistCiteT with Alexander Pudovkin. As in history writing, HistCiteT
reconstructs by drawing intellectual lineages. In addition to cited
references, however, documents can be attributed a multitude of other
variables such as title words, keywords, journal names, author names, and
even full texts. New developments in multidimensional scaling (MDS) enable
us not only to visualize these patterns at each moment of time, but also to
animate them over time. Using title words, co-authors, and journal names in
Garfield's oeuvre, the method is demonstrated and further developed in this
paper (and in the animation at
<> The variety and substantive
content of the animation enables us to write, visualize, and animate the
author's intellectual history.


Loet Leydesdorff 
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
Tel. +31-20-525 6598; fax: +31-842239111

 <mailto:loet at> loet at ;

Visiting Professor 2007-2010,  <>
ISTIC, Beijing; Honorary Fellow 2007-2010,  <>
SPRU, University of Sussex 
Now available:
The Knowledge-Based Economy: Modeled, Measured, Simulated, 385 pp.; US$
The Self-Organization of the Knowledge-Based Society ;
The Challenge of Scientometrics


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