The Triple Helix Perspective of Innovation Systems

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Wed Jul 28 02:51:28 EDT 2010

The Triple Helix Perspective of Innovation Systems

Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 22(7), in press; 
preprint version at 

Authors:  <>
Loet Leydesdorff,  <>
Girma Zawdie
(Submitted on 27 Jul 2010)

Abstract: Alongside the neo-institutional model of networked relations among
universities, industries, and governments, the Triple Helix can be provided
with a neo-evolutionary interpretation as three selection environments
operating upon one another: markets, organizations, and technological
opportunities. How are technological innovation systems different from
national ones? The three selection environments fulfill social functions:
wealth creation, organization control, and organized knowledge production.
The main carriers of this system--industry, government, and
academia--provide the variation both recursively and by interacting among
them under the pressure of competition. Empirical case studies enable us to
understand how these evolutionary mechanisms can be expected to operate in
the historical instance. The model is needed for distinguishing, for
example, between trajectories and regimes. 

** apologies for cross postings

Loet Leydesdorff 
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam.
Tel. +31-20-525 6598; fax: +31-842239111

 <mailto:loet at> loet at ;


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