Aksnes, DW. 2006. Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution. JASIST. 57 (2): 169-185.
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Aksnes, DW. 2006. Citation rates and perceptions of scientific contribution.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY 57 (2): 169-185.
Document Type: Article
Abstract: In this study scientists were asked about their own publication
history and their citation counts. The study shows that the citation counts of
the publications correspond reasonably well with the authors' own assessments
of scientific contribution. Generally, citations proved to have the highest
accuracy in identifying either major or minor contributions. Nevertheless,
according to these judgments, citations are not a reliable indicator of scientific
contribution at the level of the individual article. In the construction of relative
citation indicators, the average citation rate of the subfield appears to be
slightly more appropriate as a reference standard than the journal citation rate.
The study confirms that review articles are cited more frequently than other
publication types. Compared to the significance authors attach to these
articles they appear to be considerably "overcited." However, there were only
marginal differences in the citation rates between empirical, methods, and
Addresses: Norwegian Inst Studies Res & Higher Educ, NIFU, STEP, N-0167
Reprint Address: Aksnes, DW, Norwegian Inst Studies Res & Higher Educ, NIFU,
STEP, Wergelandsv 7, N-0167 Oslo, Norway.
E-mail Address: Dag.W.Aksnes at nifustep.no
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