Small, H. 2010. Maps of science as interdisciplinary discourse: co-citation contexts and the role of analogy. SCIENTOMETRICS 83 (3): 835-849
garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Sat Aug 7 15:55:59 EDT 2010
Small, H. 2010. Maps of science as interdisciplinary discourse: co-citation
contexts and the role of analogy. SCIENTOMETRICS 83 (3): 835-849.
Author Full Name(s): Small, Henry
Document Type: Article
Author Keywords: Interdisciplinarity; Maps of science; Co-citation contexts;
Analogy; Cue word analysis
KeyWords Plus: CITATION; SIMULATION; CLUSTERS
Abstract: Interdisciplinarity can be manifest in many forms: through
collaboration or communication between scientists working in different fields or
through the work of individual scientists who employ concepts or methods
across disciplines. This latter form of interdisciplinarity is addressed here with
the goal of understanding how ideas in different fields come together to create
new opportunities for discovery. Maps of science are used to suggest possible
interdisciplinary links which are then analyzed by co-citation context analysis.
Interdisciplinary links are identified by juxtaposing a clustering and mapping of
documents against a journal-based categorization of the same document
clusters. Links between clusters are characterized as interdisciplinary based on
the dissonance of their category assignments. To verify and probe more deeply
into the meaning of interdisciplinary links, co-citation contexts for selected links
from five separate cases are analyzed in terms of prominent cue words. This
analysis reveals that interdisciplinary connections are often based on authors'
perceptions of analogous problems across scientific domains. Cue words drawn
from the citation contexts also suggest that these connections are viewed as
important and ripe with both opportunity and risk.
Addresses: Thomson Reuters, Philadelphia, PA 19130 USA
Reprint Address: Small, H, Thomson Reuters, 1500 Spring Garden St,
Philadelphia, PA 19130 USA.
E-mail Address: henry.small at thomsonreuters.com
More information about the SIGMETRICS