# preprint version "Globalisation in science in 2005"

David E. Wojick dwojick at HUGHES.NET
Sun Mar 11 14:28:31 EDT 2007

```Dear Loet, yes this does help me understand.

It sounds to me like you are looking at established networks with
established channels. My focus is on new communications, between
members of distant communities or fields. Put another way, I am
looking at cases where empty cells in the matrix of scientists are
being filled by transactions for the first time. For example by new
mathematical techniques (visualization, etc.) that are useful across
the sciences.

But also, I am interested in how the existing networks constrain and
direct the flow of new ideas. (This sounds related to your "coding"
although I do not understand that term here.) Networks are indeed
stable or at least persistent, and that has a lot to do with why
diffusion of new ideas takes decades. Since I want to accelerate
diffusion this stability is actually a problem for me, not an asset.

Predictively, there is also the question of how the articulation of a
new idea will restructure the network, at least locally.

Best of luck,

David

Dear David,

Perhaps, it helps to use an engineering metaphor more than an evolutionary one.

The transaction requires a communication channel. If one has more
than a single transaction, one may need a set of communication
channels. These channels can be placed in parallel or serial. The
sumtotal of channels generates a network. The network can be
represented as a matrix: the transactions are then the vectors of the
matrix. The matrix contains a structure. Structure is deterministic.

For example, this email list can be considered as a communication
system. It provides a network. The transactions do not constitute the
network because the network remains even if people are silent.
(Networks can also be empty.) The structure of the network determines
first who can participate in the communication and then at the social
level the communication is coded by expectations so that one can
expect relevant communication. Perhaps, some of us will consider this
communication as disturbance; let's say variation.

The code of the communication helps to stabilize the communication.
This is the Sigmetrics list of ASIST. When the code is symbolically
generalized, we no longer need this specific network for the
communication because the channels would adapt to the code. This is
the case at the field level. For example, we can publish in the
twenty or so journals of our field and reach approximately the same
audience of information scientists.

The communication system "lives from" the transactions. Without
transactions it would not be reproduced. The transactions are
substantial, but it does not matter so much for the system, how the
transactions vary. The system is stablized against variation if the
communication is specifically codified. Stabilization is local;
globalization can then be considered as a kind of hyper-stabilization.

With best wishes,

Loet

Loet Leydesdorff
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam
Tel.: +31-20- 525 6598; fax: +31-20- 525 3681
<mailto:loet at leydesdorff.net>loet at leydesdorff.net ;
<http://www.leydesdorff.net/>http://www.leydesdorff.net/

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--

"David E. Wojick, Ph.D." <WojickD at osti.gov>
Senior Consultant -- The DOE Science Accelerator
http://www.osti.gov/innovation/scienceaccelerator.pdf
http://www.osti.gov/innovation/
A strategic initiative of the Office of Scientific and Technical
Information, US Department of Energy

(540) 858-3150
391 Flickertail Lane, Star Tannery, VA 22654 USA
http://www.bydesign.com/powervision/resume.html provides my bio and
client list.
http://www.bydesign.com/powervision/Mathematics_Philosophy_Science/
presents some of my own research on information structure and
dynamics.

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