FW:papers by Benoit Godin on S&T indicators.
garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Wed Oct 27 11:07:40 EDT 2004
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From: "Godin, Benoît" [mailto:Benoit_Godin at INRS-UCS.Uquebec.Ca]
Sent: Wednesday, October 27, 2004 9:17 AM
Subject: For SIGMETRICS
B. Godin, The obsession for competitiveness and its impact on statistics:
the construction of high-technology indicators., Research Policy, 33 (8),
High technology is a concept much in vogue in OECD countries, for it is a
symbol of an "advanced" economy. This paper looks at why and how the concept
and its indicator acquired such fame. It explains that the reason has to do
with the fact that the indicator emerged in the context of debates on the
competitiveness of countries and their efforts to maintain or improve their
positions in world trade. The first part looks at the early statistics
behind the indicator (R&D/sales), statistics developed in official analyses
of industrial R&D surveys before the 1950s. The second part traces the
evolution of the R&D/sales ratio in the 1960s through its use as an
indicator of research or technological intensity. The third part discusses
the internationalization of the indicator via the OECD.
B. Godin, The New Economy: what the concept owes to the OECD, Research
Policy, 33 (5), July 2004.
In the last two decades, concepts have appeared that have influenced and
even defined entire science and technology policies in Western countries:
high technology, national system of innovation, information economy,
knowledge-based economy, and the new economy. In all these policy
developments, the OECD, acting as a think tank for its member countries, has
been an important promoter of the concepts, turning them into buzzwords.
This article looks at the concept of the new economy as the culmination of
decades of work on technology and productivity, and explores the crucial
role of the OECD in its dissemination and, above all, the role statistics
have played in shaping science and innovation policies.
Professeur - INRS
Canadian Science and Innovation Indicators Consortium (CSIIC)/
Consortium canadien sur les indicateurs de science et d'innovation (CSIIC)
Project on the History and Sociology of S&T Statistics
e-mail: < mailto:benoit.godin at inrs-ucs.uquebec.ca
<mailto:benoit.godin at inrs-ucs.uquebec.ca> >
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