Hjorland B. "Epistemology and the socio-cognitive perspective in information science" JASIS&T 53(4):257-270, February 15, 2002

Eugene Garfield garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Mon Oct 7 12:37:53 EDT 2002

The direct connection to Bibliometrics of this paper is the use of the SSCI
to produce analyses of core journals associated with four psychological
paradigms -- behavioristic, cognitivistic, neuroscientific, and

For each of these, Hjorland provides a table showing the ranking of
information sources most cited.  By sampling the literature of Schizophrenia
in a Dialog ranked search, he supports his general thesis.

Figure 1 reprints an important table about the percentage of articles
published in flagship publications relevant to the four schools.  This is
taken from R.W. Robins et al 1999, American Psychologist 54(2):117-28.

In my opinion, the work of Birger Hjorland is "must reading" for information
scientists including informetricians.

Eugene Garfield


B. Hjorland : Birger.Hjorland at hb.se

Title      Epistemology and the socio-cognitive perspective in
           information science
Author     Hjorland B
           AND TECHNOLOGY  53 (4): 257-270 FEB 15 2002

 Document type: Article  Language: English
Cited References: 48     Times Cited: 2

This article presents a socio-cognitive perspective in relation to
information science (IS) and information retrieval (IR). The differences
between traditional cognitive views and the socio-cognitive or
domain-analytic view are outlined. It is claimed that, given elementary
skills in computer-based retrieval, people are basically interacting with
representations of subject literatures in IR. The kind of knowledge needed
to interact with representations of subject literatures is discussed. It is
shown how different approaches or "paradigms" in the represented literature
imply different information needs and relevance criteria (which users
typically cannot express very well, which is why IS cannot primarily rely on
user studies). These principles are exemplified by comparing behaviorism,
cognitivism, psychoanalysis, and neuroscience as approaches in psychology.
The relevance criteria implicit in each position are outlined, and empirical
data are provided to prove the theoretical claims. It is further shown that
the most general level of relevance criteria is implied by epistemological
theories. The article concludes that the fundamental problems
of IS and IR are based in epistemology, which therefore becomes the most
important allied field for IS.

KeyWords Plus:

Hjorland B, Royal Sch Lib & Informat Sci, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
Royal Sch Lib & Informat Sci, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark


IDS Number:


Cited Author            Cited Work                Volume      Page      Year

 ANDERSEN H            SCIENTOMETRICS                46        87      1999
 BATESON G             FAM PROCESS                    2       154      1963
 BAZERMAN C            SHAPING WRITTEN KNOW                            1988
 BHARGAVA R            ROUTLEDGE ENCY PHILO                            1998
 BOGDAN RJ             GROUNDS COGNITION GO                            1994
 BROOKS TA             J DOC                         51       370      1995
 CAPURRO R             ROYAL I TECHN LIB ST                            1985
 COHEN LJ              SYNTHESE                     101       171      1994
 COOKE NJ              INT J HUM-COMPUT ST           41       801      1994
 DANZIGER K            CONSTRUCTING SUBJECT                            1990
 DANZIGER K            NAMING MIND PSYCHOL                             1997
 DEMAY M               CC 77 INT WORKSH COG                   R14      1977
 FOSKETT DJ            INFORMATION STORAGE            8        77      1972
 FROHMANN B            J DOC                         46        81      1990
 GARDENFORS P          HUMAN IT                       3                1999
 GARDNER H             MINDS NEW SCI HIST C                            1985
 HJORLAND B            ASIS 93                       30       290      1993
 HJORLAND B            BIBLIOTEKSARBEJDE             33         5      1991
 HJORLAND B            EMNEREPRAESENTATION                             1993
 HJORLAND B            INFORMATION SEEKING                             1997
 HJORLAND B            J AM SOC INFORM SCI           51       209      2000
 HJORLAND B            J AM SOC INFORM SCI           46       400      1995
 HJORLAND B            KNOWL ORGAN                   27       238      2000
 HJORLAND B            KNOWL ORGAN                   24       162      1998
 HJORLAND B            UNPUB J DOCUMENT OCT                            2002
 JACOB EK              ANNU REV INFORM SCI           33       131      1998
 KARPATSCHOF B         HUMAN ACTIVITY CONTR                            2000
 KUHN TS               STRUCTURE SCI REVOLU                            1970
 LAKEMEYER G           ARTIF INTELL                  97       137      1997
 LINDSAY PH            HUMAN INFORMATION PR                            1977
 NEIGHBORS JM          160 U CAL DEP INF CO                            1980
 NIELSEN ML            ASIS SIG CLASS RES W                            2000
 NORMAN D              EXPLORATIONS COGNITI                            1975
 OROM A                J DOC                         56        12      2000
 PAO ML                INFORM PROCESS MANAG          29        95      1993
 PAO ML                J AM SOC INFORM SCI           40       226      1989
 ROBINSON M            WEATHER                       54         2      1999
 SEGAL G               METHODOLOGICAL INDIV                            1998
 SWANSON DR            LIBR QUART                    56       389      1986
 TAYLOR RS             COLL RES LIBR                 29       178      1968
 TIMPKA T              ARTIF INTELL MED               7       387      1995
 TOLMAN EC             PURPOSIVE BEHAV ANIM                            1932
 TORNEBOHM H           PARADIGM VETENSKAPER                            1974
 TUOMINEN K            ACTA ELECT U TAMPERE         113                2001
 WAGNER P              DISCOURSES SOC SHAPI                   331      1991
 WATSON JB             PSYCHOL REV                   20       158      1913
 WINOGRAD T            UNDERSTANDING COMPUT                            1986
 WOODWORTH RS          PSYCHOL ISSUES SELEC                            1939

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