[Sigmetrics] The Measurement of Synergy in Innovation Systems; preprint version

Loet Leydesdorff loet at leydesdorff.net
Tue Mar 21 10:59:17 EDT 2017

The Measurement of Synergy in Innovation Systems:

Redundancy Generation in a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government
Relations <https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2937647> 


Loet Leydesdorff,*[1] Henry Etzkowitz,[2] Inga Ivanova,[3] and Martin Meyer


In university-industry-government relations, one not only exchanges
information, but can also share meanings provided from partially overlapping
perspectives. Such sharing of meanings invokes different codes of
communication and generates redundancies. Redundancy can be measured as the
number of options not yet realized in a system of innovations. The
generation of new options is probably more important for the quality of
knowledge-based innovation systems than prior achievements. Three levels of
communication can be distinguished: the communication of information in
networks of relations, the sharing of meaning among differently positioned
agents in a multi-dimensional vector space, and codes of communication
("horizons of meaning") which "structurate" meaning processing among
reflexive agents. Scientometricians have mainly studied the communication of
information; new options, however, are generated and entertained
discursively in the knowledge base. The Triple-Helix synergy indicator
enables us to measure the generation of redundancy as feedback on historical
trajectories. In a number of studies of national systems of innovation
(e.g., Sweden, Germany, Spain, China), this measure was used to indicate
niches (e.g., regions) in which uncertainty is reduced. Reduction of
uncertainty improves the entrepreneurial climate for innovation. The quality
of an innovation system can thus be quantified at different geographical
scales and in terms of different sectors, such as high- and medium-tech
manufacturing or knowledge-intensive services. 



apologies for cross-postings



Loet Leydesdorff 

Professor, University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR)

 <mailto:loet at leydesdorff.net> loet at leydesdorff.net ;
<http://www.leydesdorff.net/> http://www.leydesdorff.net/ 
Associate Faculty,  <http://www.sussex.ac.uk/spru/> SPRU, University of

Guest Professor  <http://www.zju.edu.cn/english/> Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou;
Visiting Professor,  <http://www.istic.ac.cn/Eng/brief_en.html> ISTIC,

Visiting Fellow,  <http://www.bbk.ac.uk/> Birkbeck, University of London; 




[1] * corresponding author; 

University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR),
PO Box 15793, 1001 NG Amsterdam, The Netherlands; email:
loet at leydesdorff.net; 

[2] International Triple Helix Institute (ITHI), 1520 Sand Hill Road,
No.210, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA; h.etzko at gmail.com

[3] Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National
Research University Higher School of Economics (NRU HSE), 20 Myasnitskaya
St., Moscow, 101000, Russia; and School of Economics and Management, Far
Eastern Federal University, 8, Sukhanova St., Vladivostok 690990, Russia;
email: inga.iva at mail.ru 

[4] Kent Business School, Parkwood Road, Canterbury CT2 7PE, United Kingdom;
email:  <mailto:M.S.Meyer at kent.ac.uk> M.S.Meyer at kent.ac.uk 

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