Papers of interest to Sig Metrics readers
eugene.garfield at THOMSONREUTERS.COM
Fri Nov 11 16:04:03 EST 2011
TITLE: Gender and Science: Women Nobel Laureates (Article,
AUTHOR: Charyton, C; Elliott, JO; Rahman, MA; Woodard, JL;
SOURCE: JOURNAL OF CREATIVE BEHAVIOR 45 (3). 2011. p.203-214
CREATIVE EDUCATION FOUNDATION INC, HADLEY
SEARCH TERM(S): ZUCKERMAN H rauth;
COLE JR SCI AM 256:119 1987;
GARFIELD E rauth
KEYWORDS: Achievement in Science; Gender; Discovery; Innovation;
Scientific Creativity and Nobel Prize
KEYWORDS+: MATHEMATICAL REASONING ABILITY; SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENT;
FAMILY FORMATION; SEX-DIFFERENCES; BIRTH-ORDER; ROLE-
MODELS; CAREER; PERSPECTIVES; ADOLESCENTS; PERFORMANCE
ABSTRACT: Women and their creativity are underrepresented in
science. To date, few women have been awarded the Nobel Prize in science.
Eleven female Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry and physiology/medicine between 1901 and 2006 were compared with 37 males who received the Nobel Prize in the same area one year prior and one year after the women. Data analyzed included birth order, marital status, children, awards (Fulbright, Rhodes, and number of honorary awards received), highest education level and Nobel mentor. Results indicated that female Nobel laureates were significantly less likely to marry and have children. When female laureates had children, they had significantly fewer children than male laureates. Female laureates also had fewer publications than their male counterparts. Our findings suggest that eminent women scientists tend to choose the pursuit of scientific discovery over starting families more often than eminent male scientists.
More resources are needed in order to nurture and enhance the recruitment and retention of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
AUTHOR ADDRESS: C Charyton, Ohio State Univ, Dept Psychol, 1835 Neil Ave,
Columbus, OH 43210 USA
TITLE: Probing the effect of author self-citations on h index: A
case study of environmental engineering (Article, English)
AUTHOR: Huang, MH; Lin, WYC
SOURCE: JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE 37 (5). OCT 2011.
p.453-461 SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, LONDON
SEARCH TERM(S): PENDLEBURY DA rauth;
HIRSCH JE P NATL ACAD SCI USA 102:16569 2005;
CITATION* item_title; J INF SCI source_abbrev_20
KEYWORDS: citation analysis; author self-citation; h index;
authorship; environmental engineering
KEYWORDS+: HIRSCH INDEX; SCIENTISTS; JOURNALS; RANKING; IMPACT;
RESEARCHERS; PUBLICATION; INDICATORS; BUSINESS; SCIENCE
ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the impact of author self-citations
on h index by exploring 583 authors whose works appear in key periodicals in environmental engineering. The findings show that authors' h values have high correlation with authors' article number, total cited count, and their rankings. There is also a high correlation with h index values and rankings of h values. The study indicates that self-citations have little impact on the values of h index and the h index rankings, whether or not articles with authors' self-citation are included. Further investigations reveal that, for authors with high values in h index, the two h index values are both highly correlated and with significant difference either with self-citations or without. A similar pattern is seen in authors with low h values. The results suggest that there is no need to deliberately exclude self-citations in analysing or evaluating research performance in environmental engineering.
AUTHOR ADDRESS: MH Huang, Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Lib & Informat Sci, 1,Sec
4,Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10764, Taiwan
TITLE: An unsupervised approach to automatic classification of
scientific literature utilizing bibliographic metadata (Article, English)
AUTHOR: Joorabchi, A; Mahdi, AE
SOURCE: JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE 37 (5). OCT 2011.
p.499-514 SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, LONDON
SEARCH TERM(S): BIBLIOGRAPHIC* ;
J INF SCI source_abbrev_20;
GARFIELD E SCIENCE 122:108 1955
KEYWORDS: Digital library organization; scientific literature
classification; library classification schemes; citation
networks; Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC); library
Online Public Access Catalogues (OPACs); WorldCat; Google
Book Search (GBS)
KEYWORDS+: DEWEY-DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION; LIBRARY
ABSTRACT: This article describes an unsupervised approach for
automatic classification of scientific literature archived in digital libraries and repositories according to a standard library classification scheme. The method is based on identifying all the references cited in the document to be classified and, using the subject classification metadata of extracted references as catalogued in existing conventional libraries, inferring the most probable class for the document itself with the help of a weighting mechanism. We have demonstrated the application of the proposed method and assessed its performance by developing a prototype software system for automatic classification of scientific documents according to the Dewey Decimal Classification scheme. A dataset of 1000 research articles, papers, and reports from a well-known scientific digital library, CiteSeer, were used to evaluate the classification performance of the system. Detailed results of this experiment are presented and discussed.
AUTHOR ADDRESS: AE Mahdi, Univ Limerick, Dept Elect & Comp Engn, Limerick,
TITLE: Bibliometric analysis of Nigeria's social science and
arts and humanities publications in Thomson Scientific databases
AUTHOR: Nwagwu, W; Egbon, O
SOURCE: ELECTRONIC LIBRARY 29 (4). 2011. p.438-456 EMERALD GROUP
PUBLISHING LIMITED, BINGLEY
SEARCH TERM(S): LINE MB rauth; SCI WAT* rwork; BIBLIOMETR* item_title
KEYWORDS: Bibliographies; Arts and humanities citation index;
Social science citation index; Citation analysis; Nigeria;
Bibliometric analysis; Databases
ABSTRACT: Purpose - This paper seeks to analyse publications on
Nigeria indexed in Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI) and Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) of Thomson Scientific databases respectively to understand the international perspective of aspects of research publication dynamics in both fields.
Design/methodology/approach - Data covering the period 2002-2007 were collected from the SSCI and AHCI of the Web of Science, an online service of Thomson Scientific in June 2008.
Findings - SSCI and AHCI indexed a total of 716 publications on Nigeria,
634 and 82 respectively. Paper production in each of these fields rose during 2002 to 2004 and 2005 respectively, and then started dropping. The publications received a total of 1,371 citations; the 82 AHCI documents received only six citations, while the 634 SSCI publications received
1,366 citations, equivalent to means of 0.06 and 2.15 citations per AHCI and SSCI document respectively. Only 6.1 per cent of the AHCI documents were cited compared with 46.7 per cent of SSCI publications; but citation of social science papers was consistently on the increase, while citation of arts and humanities publications, flattened in 200 humanities, was consistently on the increase. In both fields, article type of papers written in English dominated.
Research limitations/implications - This research covers only a period of six years; a fuller picture would be obtained with a longer period.
Practical implications - Publications in sources listed in international databases could illustrate the extent to which Nigerian scholars have addressed issues of global relevance.
Originality/value - The paper uncovers the international status and perspective of Nigerian publications in social science and arts and humanities disciplines.
AUTHOR ADDRESS: W Nwagwu, Univ Ibadan, Africa Reg Ctr Informat Sci, Ibadan,
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