Stock, WG. 2011. Informational Cities: Analysis and Construction of Cities in the Knowledge Society. JASIST 62 (5): 963-986.
garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Tue Jun 21 15:54:13 EDT 2011
Stock, WG. 2011. Informational Cities: Analysis and Construction of Cities in
the Knowledge Society. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR
INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 62 (5): 963-986.
Author Full Name(s): Stock, Wolfgang G.
Document Type: Article
KeyWords Plus: RESEARCH COLLABORATION; REGIONAL-DEVELOPMENT;
POSTINDUSTRIAL CITY; NETWORK SOCIETY; GLOBAL CITY; INNER-CITY;
URBAN; POLARIZATION; ECONOMY; TECHNOLOGY
Abstract: Informational cities are prototypical cities of the knowledge society.
If they are informational world cities, they are new centers of power. According
to Manuel Castells (1989), in those cities space of flows (flows of money,
power, and information) tend to override space of places. Information and
communication technology infrastructures, cognitive infrastructures (as
groundwork of knowledge cities and creative cities), and city-level knowledge
management are of great importance. Digital libraries provide access to the
global explicit knowledge. The informational city consists of creative clusters
and spaces for personal contacts to stimulate sharing of implicit information. In
such cities, we can observe job polarization in favor of well-trained employees.
The corporate structure of informational cities is made up of financial services,
knowledge-intensive high-tech industrial enterprises, companies of the
information economy, and further creative and knowledge-intensive service
enterprises. Weak location factors are facilities for culture, recreational
activities, and consumption. Political willingness to create an informational city
and e-governance activities are crucial aspects for the development of such
cities. This conceptual article frames indicators which are able to mark the
degree of "informativeness" of a city. Finally, based upon findings of network
economy, we try to explain why certain cities master the transition to
informational cities and others (lagging to relative insignificance) do not. The
article connects findings of information science and of urbanistics and urban
Addresses: Univ Dusseldorf, Dept Informat Sci, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
Reprint Address: Stock, WG, Univ Dusseldorf, Dept Informat Sci, Univ Str 1, D-
40225 Dusseldorf, Germany.
E-mail Address: stock at phil.uni-duesseldorf.de
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