Miscellaneous papers of possible interest

Eugene Garfield eugene.garfield at THOMSONREUTERS.COM
Tue Aug 30 22:15:10 EDT 2011



TITLE:          The Evolution of Academic Performance in Emergency
                Medicine Journals: Viewpoint from 2000 to 2009 Journal Citation Reports
                (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Lee, CH; Shih, CP; Chang, YC; Chaou, CH
                p.898-904 WILEY-BLACKWELL, MALDEN


ABSTRACT:       Objectives: Emergency medicine (EM) is a young but
rapidly growing field. An evaluation of academic performance and the
growing impact of EM journals would help to elucidate the increase in the
number of EM scientific studies. The authors used the Journal Citation
Reports (JCR) database to investigate the scientific achievements of EM
journals in the past 10 years.

Methods: This was a literature review study. All data were collected from
the JCR database. Journals listed in the EM category from 2000 to 2009
were included. Eleven categories that were considered most closely
related to EM by a consensus of the authors were chosen for comparison,
including cardiac and cardiovascular systems, clinical neurology,
critical care medicine, gastroenterology and hepatology, infectious
diseases, general and internal medicine, pediatrics, respiratory system,
surgery, toxicology, and urology and nephrology. Data on journals in the
EM category were collected, including journal title, language, journal
country or territory, impact factor for each year, total number of EM
journals for each year, and the EM category aggregate impact factor
(available from 2003 to 2009). The variables in the comparison group
included the number of journals in each of the 11 clinical medicine
categories from 2000 to 2009 and the aggregate impact factors for 2003 to
2009. The category aggregate impact factor and journal impact factor were
adopted as representative of category and journal academic performance.
Linear regression was used to assess the trend of aggregate impact factor
and journal impact factor. The slope (beta) of the linear regression was
used to represent the evolution of performance. The relationship between
the 2000 EM journal impact factor and the impact factor trend of EM
journals between 2000 and 2009 was measured by Pearson correlation
coefficient to evaluate the evolution difference between journals with
different initial impact factors.

Results: In 2000, all 12 EM journals were published in the United States
or Europe, and the language of all was English. In 2009, 10% (2/19) of
the journals originated from outside North America and Europe, and 16%
(3/19) were non-English-language journals. The number of EM journals
increased 58% from 2000 to 2009, twice the increase in the total number
of JCR-listed journals, and rank first in the rate of journal number
increase among categories of clinical medicine. The impact factor of all
EM journals showed an increasingly positive trend since 2000. The impact
factor increased faster for high impact factor EM journals than for low-
impact-factor EM journals.

Conclusions: An increasing number of international EM journals have
appeared over the past 10 years. Every EM journal exhibited a positive
impact factor trend, but the gap between EM journals' impact factors has
widened in the past 10 years. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:898-
904 (C) 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

AUTHOR ADDRESS: CH Chaou, Chang Gung Mem Hosp, Dept Emergency Med, Tao
                Yuan, Taiwan

TITLE:          Bibliometrics and assessing performance and worth
                (Editorial Material, English)
AUTHOR:         Webster, NR
                p.306-307 OXFORD UNIV PRESS, OXFORD

                 HIRSCH JE          P NATL ACAD SCI USA   102:16569 2005;
                 EDITORIAL  doctype


AUTHOR ADDRESS: NR Webster, Inst Med Sci, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD,

TITLE:          Bibliometrics of anaesthesia researchers in the UK
                (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Moppett, IK; Hardman, JG
                p.351-356 OXFORD UNIV PRESS, OXFORD

SEARCH TERM(S):  HIRSCH JE          P NATL ACAD SCI USA   102:16569 2005;
                 BIBLIOMETR*  item_title

KEYWORDS:       achievement; anaesthesia; bibliometrics; publications

ABSTRACT:       Background. Bibliometrics provide surrogate measures of
the quality and quantity of research undertaken by departments and
individuals. Previous reports have suggested that academic anaesthesia
research in the UK is in decline. We wished to provide a comprehensive
description of current and historical published output of UK anaesthesia

Methods. Bibliometric indices (Web of Science (R)) were calculated for
anaesthesia researchers in the UK for the whole period covered by the
database, and for 2004-8. A parallel search was made using the
Scholarometer (TM) tool, which parses output from Google Scholar (TM).
Calculated indices included total number of publications; total number of
citations; citations per paper; h-index; g-index; and modified impact

Results. One hundred and four individuals and 23 academic departments
were identified. Median values (inter-quartile range) for the indices
were: total papers 57 (24-95) (individuals for the whole period), 11 (6-
20) (individuals 2004-8), 50 (30-70) (departments 2004-8); total number
of citations 571 (175-1328), 93 (38-207), 383 (239-845); h-index 13 (8-
20), 6 (3-8), 11 (9-14). Four departments were ranked in the top 5 for
all indices.

Conclusions. The general distribution of bibliometric data is similar to
that seen in other specialities in Europe and North America. Four
departments contribute to more than 50% of published anaesthesia research
output in this data set. These data provide useful comparative tools for
individuals, departments, and national bodies.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: IK Moppett, Univ Nottingham, Div Anaesthesia & Intens Care,
                Nottingham Univ Hosp NHS Trust, Queens Med Ctr Campus,
                Nottingham NG7 2UH, England

TITLE:          Bibliometric analysis of anaesthesia journal editorial
                board members: correlation between journal impact factor and the median h-
                index of its board members (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Pagel, PS; Hudetz, JA
                p.357-361 OXFORD UNIV PRESS, OXFORD

SEARCH TERM(S):  HIRSCH JE          P NATL ACAD SCI USA   102:16569 2005;
                 BIBLIOMETR*  item_title; IMPACT FACTOR*  item_title;
                 JOURNAL  item_title

KEYWORDS:       academic anaesthesia; bibliometrics; h-index; impact
                factor; performance measures

ABSTRACT:       Background. h-index is useful for quantifying scholarly
activity in medicine, but this statistic has not been extensively applied
as a measure of productivity in anaesthesia. We conducted a bibliometric
analysis of h-index in editorial board members and tested the hypothesis
that editorial board members of anaesthesia journals with higher impact
factors (IFs) have higher h-indices.

Methods. Ten of 19 journals with 2009 IF>1 were randomly chosen from
Journal Citation Reports (R). Board members were identified using each
journal's website. Publications, citations, citations per publication,
and h-index for each member were obtained using Scopus (R).

Results. Four hundred and twenty-three individuals filled 481 anaesthesia
editorial board positions. The median h-index of all editorial board
members was 14. Board members published 75 papers (median) with 1006
citations and 13 citations per publication. Members serving on journals
with IF greater than median had significantly (P<0.05; Wilcoxon's rank-
sum test) greater median h-index, citations, and citations per
publication than those at journals with IF less than median. A
significant correlation between the median h-index of a journal's
editorial board members and its IF (h-index 3.01xIF+6.85; r(2)=0.452;
P=0.033) was observed for the 10 journals examined. Board members of
subspeciality-specific journals had bibliometric indices that were less
than those at general journals. The h-index was greater in individuals
serving more than one journal. European editorial board members had
higher h-index values than their American colleagues.

Conclusions. The results suggest that editorial board members of
anaesthesia journals with higher IFs have higher h-indices.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: PS Pagel, Clement J Zablocki Vet Affairs Med Ctr,
                Anesthesia Serv, 5000 W Natl Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53295 USA

TITLE:          What are the major impact factors on research performance
                of young doctorate holders in science in China: a USTC survey (Article,
AUTHOR:         Gu, JB; Lin, Y; Vogel, D; Tian, W
SOURCE:         HIGHER EDUCATION 62 (4). OCT 2011. p.483-502 SPRINGER,


KEYWORDS:       Doctoral graduate; Research performance; Individual
                factor; Advisor; Learning performance
                DEPARTMENTS; ORIGIN

ABSTRACT:       Doctoral graduate research performance (DRP) is
recognized as one of the most critical indices for evaluation of the
success of doctoral education. Doctoral graduates with high research
performance directly reflect a higher ability in academic research and
academic achievement. Consequently, identifying which factors influence
DRP is potentially of great value. This topic is also challenging because
of difficulties in identifying the impact factors on research performance
and the feasibility of the relative data collection. This paper first
examines the relationships between the indicators and DRP. After a review
of previous literature, the focus is on the doctoral graduates'
individual factors, advisor factors and learning performance. Data is
collected from graduated doctors from the Science Schools of University
of Science and Technology of China (USTC). Contrary to expectations, our
findings indicate that, based on the Chinese context, learning
performance does not appear to be strongly associated with research
performance. Individual factors (status of academic origin) do have
significant effect on DRP. The advisor factors (including academic
status, academic experience and allocation of energy) show a relatively
strong association with DRP, in terms of both the number of publications
and the impact factor of Science Citation Index (SCI) cited journals.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: Y Lin, Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R

TITLE:          Viewpoints on synergising ASEAN academic visibilities
                through research collaboration and the establishment of an ASEAN Citation
                Index Database (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Sombatsompop, N; Premkamolnetr, N; Markpin, T;
                Ittiritmeechai, S; Wongkaew, C; Yochai, W;
                Ratchatahirun, P; Beng, LI
SOURCE:         ASIA PACIFIC VIEWPOINT 52 (2). AUG 2011. p.207-218

SEARCH TERM(S):  CITATION  item_title; CITATION*  item_title

KEYWORDS:       Academic visibility; ASEAN Citation Index; higher
                education; research collaboration; research performance

ABSTRACT:       This opinion article expresses two key viewpoints
regarding the options for Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
universities in pursuit of fulfilling the demand for greater research
visibility and academic reputation. The first viewpoint outlines the
importance of promoting research collaboration among ASEAN researchers
and their international peers in increasing the visibility and impact of
ASEAN research. The second viewpoint examines the ASEAN research
characteristics, the challenges and existing best practices of its
journal publishing landscape, the potential role of non-ASEAN
international journals in improving the profile of ASEAN research and
explores the needs and benefits of establishing an ASEAN Integrated
Journal Publishing Network (IJPN). It is through these combined
approaches, we believe, that effective policy change, the standardisation
of publishing structure, procedures, and systems to drive journal
development, improvement of journal quality, and establishment of a
consistent framework for measuring researcher performance will result.
This article also includes a proposal for the IJPN structure and
implementation plan, and highlights the key benefits of taking a
collaborative approach to achieving this common goal.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: N Sombatsompop, King Mongkuts Univ Technol Thonburi KMUTT,
                Polymer Proc & Flow P Prof Grp, Sch Energy Environm & Mat,
                Bangkok 10140, Thailand

TITLE:          Mapping research on health systems in Europe: a
                bibliometric assessment (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Garrido, MV; Hansen, J; Busse, R
                JUL 2011. p.27-37 ROYAL SOC MEDICINE PRESS LTD, LONDON


ABSTRACT:       Objective: Europe's health care decision-makers are
facing an increasingly complex and rapidly changing landscape. It is
crucial that health care problems are addressed with evidence-informed
policy and that evidence finding is aimed at those topics most urgent on
policy agendas. Research on health systems addresses the macro-level of
health care delivery and aims at generating evidence for policy-making.
Our aim was to assess the field of health systems research in Europe,
primarily based on an analysis of the published literature.

Methods: Starting from current definitions of health systems, during 2004-
09 we identified four thematic areas for research and defined keywords to
construct a sensitive literature search limited to European research.

Results: The database search resulted in 26,945 hits between 2004-09.
Until 2008, the annual number of publications on health systems research
increased at an average rate of 5.2%. Most (88%) were in English. The
largest producer of research on health systems has been the UK (nearly
10,000 in six years; 37% of the total for Europe), which is also the
country most frequently the object of research. In contrast, seven
countries had produced no publications. There were modest correlations
between a country's research production and its gross domestic product (r
= 0.62) but less so with its population size (0.33).

The most frequent keywords were 'patients' (49% of all references),
'patient satisfaction' (27%), 'organization and administration' (23%),
'education' (19%) and 'attitude of health personnel' (13%). Closer
inspection of a sub-sample of 1000 abstracts revealed that only 24% met
our definition of 'health systems research' rather than other fields of
health services research.

Conclusion: There is a wide-spread need to develop health systems
research capacity, in particular in eastern European countries, and to
address the effects of health care reform, particularly the effects of
privatization and commercialization of health services.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: MV Garrido, Tech Univ Berlin, Dept Hlth Care Management,
                Fac Econ & Management, Secr H80,Str 17,Juni 135, D-10623
                Berlin, Germany

TITLE:          Leading questions: Journal rankings, academic freedom and
                performativity: What is, or should be, the future of Leadership?
                (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Tourish, D
SOURCE:         LEADERSHIP 7 (3). AUG 2011. p.367-381 SAGE PUBLICATIONS
                INC, THOUSAND OAKS

SEARCH TERM(S):  JOURNAL  item_title

KEYWORDS:       journal rankings; academic freedom; performativity;
                research assessment

ABSTRACT:       Pressure on academics to publish articles in 'top'
journals continues to grow. In tandem, we have seen a proliferation of
journal rankings, claiming to provide a guide to the quality of journals.
As editors become more preoccupied by the ranking of 'their' journal,
they exercise performative power over authors, by setting standards for
publication that exclude many while compelling those that are published
to adapt to the styles, priorities and imperatives of editors. One result
has been a ceaseless quest for novelty, manifest in an insistence that
each paper must make a 'distinctive' theoretical contribution. I argue
that this is producing an environment in which scholarship is
increasingly mechanized and industrialized, while rendering its outputs
more arcane and inaccessible to non-specialists. It also means that the
academy is becoming ever more complicit in its own subordination to
performative processes that it frequently criticizes when observing them
in the outside, 'real' world of management practice. We are therefore
seeing more barriers to entry for both authors and new journals - unless
both conform to norms that bear an orthodox but often sterile imprint. I
consider the implications of these issues for emergent journals such as
Leadership, and for academic freedom, and suggest how those interested in
scholarly inquiry in general and the fate of this journal in particular
should respond.

AUTHOR ADDRESS: D Tourish, Univ London, Royal Holloway Coll, London WC1E
                7HU, England

TITLE:          Crime Science (Article, English)
AUTHOR:         Pease, K

SEARCH TERM(S):  SMALL HG           SCIENTOMETRICS          1:445   1979


AUTHOR ADDRESS: K Pease, UCL, Jill Dando Inst, London, England


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