The Relationship between S&T Development and (Social) Science Productivity in Europe

Eugene Garfield garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Wed Aug 3 15:40:16 EDT 2011

The Relationship between S&T Development and (Social) Science Productivity 
in Europe

Author(s): Oliveira, L (Oliveira, Luisa); Carvalho, H (Carvalho, Helena)

Source: SOCIOLOGIJA I PROSTOR  Volume: 48  Issue: 188  Pages: 395-413  
Published: SEP-DEC 2010  

Abstract: This article analyses on a comparative basis, the relationship 
between S&T development and (social) science productivity in the EU 
The results reveal that Germany, Netherlands, France and United Kingdom are 
no longer the leaders in the development of S&T, and the top positions have 
been taken by Northern European countries namely Finland, Denmark and 
Sweden. These results could give rise to the reshaping of European leadership 
in economic and social development, if Germany, France and the United 
Kingdom do not reverse their S&T investment trends of the past 20 years. The 
data not only indicate a change in the leading countries, but also the alteration 
of the positions of other countries in the European Space for Science. With the 
exception of Greece, Southern European countries have made considerable 
advances as have Czech Republic and Slovenia. 
As for (social) science productivity, it has been shown that the countries that 
are at the top of the S&T hierarchy are not necessarily those that publish most 
papers in WoS/JCR journals, but rather the contrary. This led to the conclusion 
that other indicators should be taken in consideration to analyse science 
productivity, including the orientation of academic reforms and the new models 
of universities governance. Science productivity is one of the tools used to 
implement this governance model which tends to manage all disciplines in the 
same way. Journal data bases are part of this new management and have a 
decisive role in the stratification of the European and global Science Space.

Language: English
Document Type: Article; Proceedings Paper
Author Keywords: S&T development in European countries; S&T Index; 
stratification in European S&T; social science productivity

Addresses: [Oliveira, L; Carvalho, H] Lisbon Univ Inst ISCTE IUL, Lisbon, 
Reprint Address: Oliveira, L (reprint author), Lisbon Univ Inst ISCTE IUL, Lisbon, 

E-mail Address: luisa.oliveira at, helena.carvalho at
ISSN: 1846-5226

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