Eugene Garfield eugene.garfield at THOMSONREUTERS.COM
Sat Apr 10 14:15:01 EDT 2010

Glanzel W. and Garfield E. "The Myth of Delayed Recognition <>  -Citation analysis demonstrates that premature discovery, while rare, does occur: Nearly all significant research is normally cited soon after publication" The Scientist 18(11): 8-8  June 7 2004.  


These are the references cited in that short paper.


1 <> . E. Garfield, "Premature discovery or delayed recognition--Why?" Curr Contents, 21:5-10, 1980; available online at 

2 <> . E. Garfield, "Would Mendel's work have been ignored if the Science Citation Index was available 100 years ago?" Curr Contents, 47:5-6, 1970; available online at 

3 <> .  W. Glänzel et al., "Better late than never? On the chance to become highly cited only beyond the standard bibliometric time horizon," Scientometrics, 58:571-86, 2003.

Other examples of delayed recognition, including Inhibin, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and the Genetics of Color Blindness, which were identified by citation analysis, can be found at 

See also 

Delayed Recognition in Scientific Discovery: Citation Frequency Analysis Aids the Search for Case Histories

And for discussion of Higgs Boson




Eugene Garfield, PhD. email:  garfield at <mailto:garfield at>  
home page: <> 
Tel: 610-525-8729 Fax: 610-560-4749

Chairman Emeritus, ThomsonReuters Scientific (formerly ISI)
1500 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia, PA 19130-4067

Editor Emeritus, The Scientist LLC. <>    
400 Market St. Suite 330 Philadelphia, PA 19106-2535

Past President, American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) <>  


From: ASIS&T Special Interest Group on Metrics [mailto:SIGMETRICS at LISTSERV.UTK.EDU] On Behalf Of David Wojick
Sent: Friday, April 09, 2010 9:22 PM
Subject: Re: [SIGMETRICS] Question


on ice age cycles is well known so if there is an up-tick in citations it is most likely an increased interest in the topic, rather than a discovery of the author's work. 


On Apr 9, 2010, Kevin Boyack <kboyack at MAPOFSCIENCE.COM> wrote:

	Adminstrative info for SIGMETRICS (for example unsubscribe):
	Sounds like a "sleeping beauty" to me. See
	Van Raan, A.F.J. (2004). Sleeping Beauties in science. Scientometrics 59(3), 467-472.
	-----Original Message-----
	From: ASIS&T Special Interest Group on Metrics [mailto:SIGMETRICS at LISTSERV.UTK.EDU] On Behalf Of Rajko
	Sent: Friday, April 09, 2010 2:09 PM
	Subject: [SIGMETRICS] Question
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	Dear Scientometric Scientists,
	I have noticed that the research articles and books of Milutin Milankovich (or Milankovic) are more and more cited. Generally, citation shows an opposite trend. Do you know how often it happens?
	Rajko Igic, MD, Ph.D.
	Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
	Stroger Hospital of Cook County
	Chicago, IL 60612
	PS. I present here an excerpt of our MS to be published in the "Scrtipta Medica" (Banja Luka), May issue.
	"According to the Science Citation Index and Web of Knowledge Milankovics publications were quoted 780 times in the period from 1945 to 2005 [6]. His major work concerns the origin of Ice Age, Kanon der Erdbestrahlung und seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem [Canon of insulation of the Earth and its application to the problem of the Ice Age]. Figure 1 shows the title page of his book, published in 1941 [5]. This work was the most often cited during this period.
	As a rule, the number of citations for most scientific publications decreases over time, but the citation distribution of Milankovics works shows the opposite pattern. In the period from 1945 to 1960, citations of his papers were few (2.6 per year on average), but later citations increased steadily [7]. For about 50 years, Milankovics theory remained largely unconfirmed until a study by Hayes et al [8] on deep-sea sediment showed that Milankovics theory fit with known periods of climate change. Since then, earth scientists have embraced the Milankovitch Cycle model, and contemporary scientists are now familiar with his earlier publications (1920 to 1941)."

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