FW: Journals under Threat: A Joint Response from History of Science, Technology and Medicine Editors

Loet Leydesdorff loet at LEYDESDORFF.NET
Wed Oct 1 17:04:28 EDT 2008

Is 66% reliability convincing? It is not Russian roulette, but not nice in
terms of the odds if tenure decisions are based on it. 

Best, Loet


Loet Leydesdorff 
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR), 
Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam. 
Tel.: +31-20- 525 6598; fax: +31-20- 525 3681 
loet at leydesdorff.net ; http://www.leydesdorff.net/ 


> -----Original Message-----
> From: ASIS&T Special Interest Group on Metrics 
> [mailto:SIGMETRICS at LISTSERV.UTK.EDU] On Behalf Of Armbruster, Chris
> Sent: Wednesday, October 01, 2008 9:47 PM
> Subject: Re: [SIGMETRICS] FW: Journals under Threat: A Joint 
> Response from History of Science, Technology and Medicine Editors
> Adminstrative info for SIGMETRICS (for example unsubscribe):
> http://web.utk.edu/~gwhitney/sigmetrics.html
> If I am not mistaken, then ERIH is based on peer judgement, 
> not metrics. National research councils were asked to 
> nominate experts. Because it was a European project, some 
> form of "national proportional representation" was 
> maintained. Furthermore, ERIH seems a response to the rise of 
> research evaluation and the 'feeling' that the Humanities 
> must also offer something. Initially, the ERIH A, B and C 
> classification was not meant as a ranking, but as a 
> differentiation that was meant to value category C as a 
> collection of important regional and national journals. But 
> this is not how it turned out. A, B and C is understood as 
> ranking. Interestingly, ISI has shown that there is a 66% 
> overlap between the ISI list and category A, but little 
> overlap with category B and C. On the one hand, ERIH hands 
> power to editors and publishers (one would expect steep price 
> rises for category A). On the other hand, ERIH offers some 
> sort of guidance in terms of the quality of journals...
> Maybe the main problem with ERIH is that it so rudimentary.....
> Chris Armbruster
> -----Original Message-----
> From: ASIS&T Special Interest Group on Metrics on behalf of 
> David E. Wojick
> Sent: Wed 10/1/2008 20:08
> To: SIGMETRICS at listserv.utk.edu
> Subject: Re: [SIGMETRICS] FW: Journals under Threat: A Joint 
> Response from History of Science, Technology and Medicine Editors
> Adminstrative info for SIGMETRICS (for example unsubscribe):
> http://web.utk.edu/~gwhitney/sigmetrics.html
> An interesting fight. They start off by suggesting that the 
> new grading system is based on some sort of metiric but never 
> say what it is. Rather they attack the committee as though 
> the rankings are subjective. They also claim that funding of 
> research will be based on these journal rankings, without 
> evidence. But if the rankings are well founded then perhaps 
> funding decisions should be influenced by them.
> All in all it sounds like they just do not want to be 
> measured. No one does but it is often important to do so.
> David Wojick
> >Adminstrative info for SIGMETRICS (for example unsubscribe):
> >http://web.utk.edu/~gwhitney/sigmetrics.html
> >
> >Fyi. Loet
> >
> >-----Original Message-----
> >From: H-NET List on the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology
> >[mailto:H-SCI-MED-TECH at H-NET.MSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Christophe Lecuyer
> >(h-sci-med-tech)
> >Sent: 30 September 2008 11:33 PM
> >
> >From:    Finn Arne Jørgensen <finn.arne.jorgensen at gmail.com>
> >Date:    Tue, September 30, 2008 2:31 pm
> >
> >Journals under Threat: A Joint Response from History of Science,
> >Technology and Medicine Editors
> >
> >We live in an age of metrics. All around us, things are being
> >standardized, quantified, measured. Scholars concerned with 
> the work of
> >science and technology must regard this as a fascinating and crucial
> >practical, cultural and intellectual phenomenon.  Analysis 
> of the roots
> >and meaning of metrics and metrology has been a 
> preoccupation of much of
> >the best work in our field for the past quarter century at least. As
> >practitioners of the interconnected disciplines that make up 
> the field of
> >science studies  we understand how significant, contingent 
> and uncertain
> >can be the process of rendering nature and society in 
> grades, classes and
> >numbers.   We now confront a situation in which our own 
> research work is
> >being subjected to putatively precise accountancy by arbitrary and
> >unaccountable agencies. Some may already be aware of the 
> proposed European
> >Reference Index for the Humanities  (ERIH), an initiative 
> originating with
> >the European Science Foundation. The ERIH is an attempt to 
> grade journals
> >in the humanities - including "history and philosophy of 
> science". The
> >initiative proposes a league table of academic journals, 
> with premier,
> >second and third divisions. According to the European 
> Science Foundation,
> >ERIH "aims initially to identify, and gain more visibility for,
> >top-quality European Humanities research published in 
> academic journals
> >in, potentially, all European languages". It is hoped "that 
> ERIH will form
> >the backbone of a fully-fledged research information system for the
> >Humanities". What is meant, however, is that ERIH will 
> provide funding
> >bodies and other agencies in Europe and elsewhere with an 
> allegedly  exact
> >measure of research quality. In short, if research is published in a
> >premier league journal it will be recognized as first rate; 
> if it appears
> >somewhere in the lower divisions, it will be rated(and not funded)
> >accordingly.   This initiative is entirely defective in 
> conception and
> >execution. Consider the major issues of accountability and 
> transparency.
> >The process of producing the graded list of  journals in 
> science studies
> >was overseen by a committee of four (the membership is
> >currently listed at 
> http://www.esf.org/research-areas/humanities/research-
> >infrastructures-including-erih/erih-governance-and-panels/eri
> h-expert-
> >panels.html). This committee cannot be considered 
> representative. It was
> >not selected in consultation with any of the various disciplinary
> >organizations that currently represent our field such as the European
> >Association for the History of Medicine and Health,  the 
> Society for the
> >Social History of Medicine, the British Society for the History of
> >Science, the History of Science Society, the Philosophy of Science
> >Association, the Society for the History of Technology or 
> the Society for
> >Social Studies of Science. Journal editors were only 
> belatedly informed of
> >the process and its relevant criteria or asked to provide 
> any information
> >regarding their publications. No indication was given of the 
> means through
> >which the list was compiled; nor how it might be  maintained in the
> >future.  The ERIH depends on a fundamental misunderstanding 
> of conduct and
> >publication of  research in our field, and in the humanities 
> in general.
> >Journals' quality cannot be separated from their contents 
> and their review
> >processes. Great research may be published anywhere and in 
> any language.
> >Truly ground-breaking work may be more likely to appear from 
> marginal,
> >dissident or unexpected sources, rather than from a 
> well-established and
> >entrenched mainstream journal. Our journals are various, 
> heterogeneous and
> >distinct. Some are aimed at a broad, general and 
> international readership,
> >others are more specialized in their content and implied 
> audience. Their
> >scope and readership say nothing about the quality of their 
> intellectual
> >content. The ERIH, on  the other hand, confuses internationality with
> >quality in a way that is particularly prejudicial to specialist and
> >non-English language journals. In a recent report, the 
> British Academy,
> >with judicious understatement, concludes that "the European Reference
> >Index for the Humanities as presently conceived does not represent a
> >reliable way in which metrics of peer-reviewed publications can be
> >constructed" (Peer Review: the Challenges for the Humanities 
> and Social
> >Sciences, September  2007: 
> http://www.britac.ac.uk/reports/peer-review).
> >Such exercises as ERIH can become self- fulfilling 
> prophecies. If such
> >measures as ERIH are adopted as metrics by funding and other 
> agencies,
> >then many in our field will conclude that they have little 
> choice other
> >than to limit their publications to journals in the premier 
> division. We
> >will sustain fewer journals, much less diversity and impoverish our
> >discipline. Along with many others in our field, this Journal has
> >concluded that we want no part of this dangerous and 
> misguided exercise.
> >This joint Editorial is being published in journals across 
> the fields of
> >history of science and science studies as an expression of  
> our collective
> >dissent and our refusal to allow our field to be managed and 
> appraised in
> >this fashion. We have asked the compilers of the ERIH to remove our
> >journals' titles from their lists.
> >
> >Hanne Andersen (Centaurus)
> >Roger Ariew & Moti Feingold (Perspectives on Science)
> >A. K. Bag (Indian Journal of History of Science)
> >June Barrow-Green & Benno van Dalen (Historia mathematica)
> >Keith Benson (History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences)
> >Marco Beretta (Nuncius)
> >Michel Blay (Revue d'Histoire des Sciences)
> >Cornelius Borck (Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte)
> >Geof Bowker and Susan Leigh Star (Science, Technology and 
> Human Values)
> >Massimo Bucciantini & Michele Camerota (Galilaeana: Journal 
> of Galilean
> >Studies)
> >Jed Buchwald and Jeremy Gray (Archive for History of Exacft Sciences)
> >Vincenzo Cappelletti & Guido Cimino (Physis)
> >Roger Cline (International Journal for the History of Engineering &
> >Technology)
> >Stephen Clucas & Stephen Gaukroger (Intellectual History Review)
> >Hal Cook & Anne Hardy (Medical History)
> >Leo Corry, Alexandre Métraux & Jürgen Renn (Science in Context)
> >D.Diecks & J.Uffink (Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern
> >Physics)
> >Brian Dolan & Bill Luckin (Social History of Medicine)
> >Hilmar Duerbeck & Wayne Orchiston (Journal of Astronomical History &
> >Heritage)
> >Moritz Epple, Mikael Hård, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Volker 
> Roelcke (NTM:
> >Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin)
> >Steven French (Metascience)
> >Willem Hackmann (Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society)
> >Bosse Holmqvist (Lychnos)
> >Paul Farber (Journal of the History of  Biology)
> >Mary Fissell & Randall Packard (Bulletin of the History of Medicine)
> >Robert Fox (Notes & Records of the Royal Society)
> >Jim Good (History of the Human Sciences)
> >Michael Hoskin (Journal for the History of Astronomy)
> >Ian Inkster (History of Technology)
> >Marina Frasca Spada (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science)
> >Nick Jardine (Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and
> >Biomedical Sciences)
> >Trevor Levere (Annals of Science)
> >Bernard Lightman (Isis)
> >Christoph Lüthy (Early Science and Medicine)
> >Michael Lynch (Social Studies of Science)
> >Stephen McCluskey & Clive Ruggles (Archaeostronomy: the Journal of
> >Astronomy in Culture)
> >Peter Morris (Ambix)
> >E. Charles Nelson (Archives of Natural History)
> >Ian Nicholson (Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences)
> >Iwan Rhys Morus (History of Science)
> >John Rigden & Roger H Stuewer (Physics in Perspective)
> >Simon Schaffer (British Journal for the History of Science)
> >Paul Unschuld (Sudhoffs Archiv)
> >Peter Weingart (Minerva)
> >Stefan Zamecki (Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki)
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >-- 
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> -- 
> "David E. Wojick, PhD" <WojickD at osti.gov>
> Senior Consultant for Innovation
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> US Department of Energy
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