Gaillard J. "Overcoming the scientific generation gap in Africa: an urgent priority" Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28(1):15-25 March 2003

Eugene Garfield garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Fri Jun 27 16:39:22 EDT 2003

JACQUES GAILLARD : jacques.gaillard at

The author uses ISI's database for 1957-2001 and PASCAL 1991-1997 (p.17) to
plot publications in 15 African countries.

TITLE    Overcoming the scientific generation gap in Africa:
         an urgent priority

AUTHOR   Gaillard J


Document type: Article     Language: English     Cited References: 17
Times Cited: 0

Based on recently completed studies,this paper attempts to provide a
realistic picture of the scientific profession in Africa today. Activities
in science and technology (S&T) have gone through a process of
institutionalisation and professionalisation in Africa over the last thirty
years, but,these efforts have not been sufficient to create a sustainable
dynamic of scientific production or of regeneration of national scientific
communities. The situation today is critical, with S&T systems and the
working environments of scientists deteriorating in many countries. While
institutional mechanisms such as centres of excellence and S&T diasporas
can, under certain conditions, contribute to the regionalisation and
internationalisation of African science, they will never substitute for the
weaknesses of national research systems. In the battle for sustainable
development in Africa, nothing will replace home grown scientific
capacities, and it is high time for the conditions for their renewal to be
created. The results of empirical studies discussed in this article not only
provide a vivid picture of the present day conditions of the scientific
profession on the African continent, they also contribute to a diagnosis of
the situation as one of political urgency.

Gaillard J, IFS, Stockholm, Sweden
IFS, Stockholm, Sweden
IRD, Paris, France


IDS Number:


 Cited Author            Cited Work                Volume      Page Year
*NEPAD                SCI TECHN AFR DEV BU                            2002
 ARVANITIS R           SCI INDICATORS DEV C                            1992
 ARVANITIS R           SCIENTOMETRICS                47       457      2000
 DAHOUN M              STATUT SCI RECHERCHE                            1997
 EBO B                 MOTS PLURIELS                                   2002
 GAILLARD J            COOPERATION SCI TECH                            2002
 GAILLARD J            DILEMMA POSTCOLONIAL                            1999
 GAILLARD J            QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY                            2001
 GAILLARD J            SCI COMMUNITIES DEV                             1997
 GAILLARD J            SCI TECHNOLOGY SOC             2       195      1997
 GAILLARD J            STRENGTHENING SCI CA                            2002
 GAILLARD J            WORLD SCI REPORT                                2002
 HUDU A                DILEMMA POST COLONIA                   209      2000
 KRISHNA VV            SCI TECHNOLOGY SOC             5       209      2000
 LLEWELLYN CH          SCI COLLABORATION PR                            2003
 MALCOLM S             SCI ED CAPACITY BUIL                            2002
 MEYER JB              SCI TECHNOLOGY SOC             2       285      1997

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