citations to Claude E Shannon's classic papers
Garfield, Eugene
Garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Tue Jun 3 14:02:15 EDT 2003
Dear colleagues: I recently had occasion to look in the WebofScience for the
citation record for Claude Shannon's early 1948 papers on
A MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF COMMUNICATION
SHANNON CE
BELL SYSTEM TECHNICAL JOURNAL
27 (3): 379-423 1948
This paper has been cited over 4029 times while second part was cited over
2275 times.
A MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF COMMUNICATION
SHANNON CE
BELL SYSTEM TECHNICAL JOURNAL
27 (4): 623-656 1948
Remarkably they are both still cited quite often more than fifty years after
their first appearance.
In contrast, his paper on entropy of printed English has been cited only
about 400 times.
PREDICTION AND ENTROPY OF PRINTED ENGLISH
SHANNON CE
BELL SYSTEM TECHNICAL JOURNAL
30 (1): 50-64 1951
The following web site is quite relevant to the above:
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/ms/what/shannonday/paper.html
A Mathematical Theory of Communication by Claude E. Shannon
A Note on the Edition
Claude Shannon's ``A mathematical theory of communication'' was first
published in two parts in the July and October 1948 editions of the Bell
System Technical Journal [1]. The paper has appeared in a number of
republications since:
* The original 1948 version was reproduced in the collection Key
Papers in the Development of Information Theory [2]. The paper also appears
in Claude Elwood Shannon: Collected Papers [3]. The text of the latter is a
reproduction from the Bell Telephone System Technical Publications, a series
of monographs by engineers and scientists of the Bell System published in
the BSTJ and elsewhere. This version has correct section numbering (the BSTJ
version has two sections numbered 21), and as far as we can tell, this is
the only difference from the BSTJ version.
* Prefaced by Warren Weaver's introduction, ``Recent contributions to
the mathematical theory of communication,'' the paper was included in The
Mathematical Theory of Communication, published by the University of
Illinois Press <http://www.press.uillinois.edu> in 1949 [4]. The text in
this book differs from the original mainly in the following points:
* the title is changed to ``The mathematical theory of communication''
and some sections have new headings,
* Appendix 4 is rewritten,
* the references to unpublished material have been updated to refer to
the published material.
The text we present here is based on the BSTJ version with a number of
corrections. (The version on this site before May 18th 1998 was based on the
University of Illinois Press <http://www.press.uillinois.edu> version.)
Here you can find a PostScript <shannon1948.ps> (460 Kbytes), gzipped
PostScript <shannon1948.ps.gz> (146 Kbytes) and pdf <shannon1948.pdf> (358
Kbytes) version of Shannon's paper. PDF files can be viewed by Adobe's
acrobat reader <http://www.adobe.com/prodindex/acrobat/readstep.html>.
Tarred and gzipped contents of the directory <shannon1948.tar.gz> (63
Kbytes) that contain the LaTeX code for the paper is also available.
References
1
C. E. Shannon, ``A mathematical theory of communication,'' Bell
System Technical Journal, vol. 27, pp. 379-423 and 623-656, July and
October, 1948.
2
D. Slepian, editor, Key Papers in the Development of Information
Theory, New York: IEEE Press <http://www.ieee.org/pubs/press>, 1974.
3
N. J. A. Sloane <http://www.research.att.com/~njas> and A. D. Wyner
<http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/ms/who/adw/index.html>, editors, Claude Elwood
Shannon: Collected Papers, New York: IEEE Press
<http://www.ieee.org/pubs/press>, 1993.
4
W. Weaver and C. E. Shannon, The Mathematical Theory of
Communication, Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press
<http://www.press.uillinois.edu>, 1949, republished in paperback 1963.
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__________________________________________________
Eugene Garfield, PhD. email: garfield at codex.cis.upenn.edu
home page: www.eugenegarfield.org
Tel: 215-243-2205 Fax 215-387-1266
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