Lichtman MA, Oakes D "The productivity and impact of the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society Scholar Program: The apparent positive effect of peer review" BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES 27 (6): 1020-1027 NOV-DEC 2001

Eugene Garfield garfield at CODEX.CIS.UPENN.EDU
Wed Mar 20 13:58:53 EST 2002

Marshall A. Lichtman : E-mail: mal at

TITLE The productivity and impact of the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society
        Scholar Program: The apparent positive effect of peer review
AUTHOR Lichtman MA, Oakes D

 Document type: Review
 Language: English
Cited References: 6
 Times Cited: 0

A study was conducted to compare the "productivity" of a cohort of research
grant applicants selected by peer review to be scholars of The Leukemia
Society of America (now The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society) with a matched
cohort of applicants not so selected during the period 1981 to 1990. One
hundred and twenty-four scholars and 124 nonfunded applicants were studied.
Two bibliometric variables and their derivatives were examined from the
Institute of Scientific Information database: the number of papers published
and the number of citations to those papers. Published papers were measured
through December 31, 1999,
and citation counts to these papers through December 31, 2000. Scholars
published 10,301 papers through the period of bservation and nonfunded
applicants published 6442 papers. Scholars' papers were cited 419,798 times,
whereas nonfunded applicants' papers were cited 245,586 times. The mean
citations per paper were 52 for scholars and 38 for nonfunded pplicants. The
papers published per scholar, citations per scholar, and citations per paper
per scholar were significantly
greater than the corresponding measures for nonfunded applicants (P < 0.0001
in each case). Scholar's papers were cited 30% more often, whereas nonfunded
applicants were cited 10% more frequently, than a comparison group of
scientists publishing in the same journal in the same year. High-impact
papers, e.g., papers that were cited more than 200 times, were nearly three
times as frequent among scholars (494 papers) as among nonfunded applicants
(173 papers). This difference was highly significant. The good (better than
baseline) performance of nonfunded applicants may be a reflection of
self-selection among the applicant pool for this competitive award; the more
productive performance of the scholars is probably the result of the
selection decisions made during the peer-review process. (C) 2001 Elsevier

Author Keywords:
peer review, research productivity, citation impact, career development

Lichtman MA, Univ Rochester, Med Ctr, 601 Elmwood Ave,Box 610, Rochester, NY
14642 USA
Univ Rochester, Med Ctr, Rochester, NY 14642 USA
Leukemia & Lymphoma Soc, White Plains, NY 10605 USA


IDS Number:


 Cited Author            Cited Work                Volume      Page   Year

 ARMSTRONG PW          CAN J CARDIOL                 13       507      1997
 COLE JR               SOCIAL STRATIFICATIO                            1973
 FEIST GJ              CREATIVITY RES J              10       325      1997
 GARFIELD E            CITATION INDEXING IT                            1979
 LUUKKONENGRONOW T     R&D MANAGE                    17       207      1987
 SIMONTON DK           SCI GENIUS PSYCHOL S                            1988

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