ABS: Carson, Disparities in the geographical distribution of authorship between invited and peer reviewed papers.
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AU Carson, DP
TI Disparities in the geographical distribution of authorship
between invited and peer reviewed papers
SO SCOTTISH MEDICAL JOURNAL
C1 Royal Cornhill Hosp, Cornhill Rd, Aberdeen AB25 2ZH, Scotland.
Royal Cornhill Hosp, Aberdeen AB25 2ZH, Scotland.
AB Fifty issues of the British Medical Journal (BMJ), The Lancet,
The British Journal of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine
were scrutinised. Papers were designated as invited or peer
reviewed and the geographical location of the first author was
recorded. For UK-based authors, the latitude and longitude of
the host institution was noted and was allocated to one of the
UK regions. Of invited papers 805 of 1227 (66%) were by UK-
based authors compared with 1442 of 2896 peer reviewed papers
(50%), odds ratio 1.92 (95% CI 1.67 - 2.21) with a similar
pattern prevailing in each of the four journals. Within the UK
authorships of invited versus peer reviewed papers showed a
preponderance of invited authors based in southeast England,
odds ratio 1.30 (95% CI 1.09 - 1.56). For individual Journals,
the Lancet and the British Journal of Psychiatry showed fewer
regional disparities in authorship than the BMJ and
Psychological Medicine. These disparities may lead to
nationalism and parochiality in the content of invited papers.
Journal editors may wish to review selection practices for
authorship of invited papers.
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Royal Cornhill Hosp, Cornhill Rd, Aberdeen AB25 2ZH, Scotland.
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